No one knows exactly what causes Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, but there are many theories and studies that have been done. You can read about some SIDS information if you go to MeshCribBumper.com and click on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in the upper left hand corner.
The best explanation for SIDS is the re-breathing of carbon dioxide (CO2). When a baby sleeps in a crib with a standard crib bumper installed or in a non-ventilated bassinet, the surrounding ambient oxygen (O2) is displaced by the exhaled carbon dioxide (CO2), which builds up and stays in the non-ventilated sleeping compartment. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an asphyxiant gas and is about 1.5 times the density of air, which means it will settle in the lowest point it finds. The re-breathing of exhaled carbon dioxide has an anesthetic effect which slows the heart rate, breathing and increases occurrence of sleep apneas. Apnea is a term used to describe the periodic pauses in breathing or the absence of breathing. It has been proven that increased levels of ambient oxygen reduces the occurrences of apnea in infants.
As a baby breathes exhaled air, the oxygen levels in the body drop and carbon dioxide accumulates in the blood. Insufficient levels of oxygen (O2) and excessive levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the blood is called asphyxia. A baby's lack of oxygen could be the main contributing factor in the occurrence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
In 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics started recommending that parents place their babies on their backs when they sleep. Since then, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome cases have dropped more than 50%. One theory is that stomach sleeping increases an infant's risk of "re-breathing" their exhaled air, especially if the infant is sleeping on a soft mattress, with bedding, stuffed toys, or a pillow near the face to trap exhaled air.
Infants who develop SIDS may have an abnormality in the part of the brain that controls breathing and the ability to awaken during sleep. If a baby is re-breathing carbon dioxide saturated stale air, while not getting enough oxygen, the brain may not trigger the involuntary reaction to wake up. The waking action increases the baby's breathing and heart rate immediately, which then makes up for the lack of oxygen.
If you take two identical cribs, and put a padded crib bumper in one crib and a Breathable Mesh Crib Bumper in the other crib, both have been designed to prevent a baby from hurting themselves when they accidentally hit, roll into or fall onto the crib's vertical balusters (vertical rails). By placing a container of water filled with dry ice (frozen carbon dioxide) to simulate a breathing baby, you will notice that the visible carbon dioxide gas accumulates in the crib with the padded crib bumper. In crib with the Breathable Mesh Crib Bumper you will notice that the visible carbon dioxide gas passes through the lowest edge of the Mesh Crib Bumper and then falls down onto the floor.
The Breathable Mesh Crib Bumper allows fresh air to circulate throughout the crib compartment and prevents carbon dioxide from pooling inside the crib. When the Mesh Crib Bumper is installed, you will be able to see your baby from across the room, through the Mesh Crib Bumper walls. Your baby will be able to see through the Mesh Crib Bumper walls instead of only looking at the ceiling and a mobile hanging over the crib.
The Breathable Mesh Crib Bumper was invented to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and to keep a baby from getting lodged between the crib's vertical balusters and rails. When a baby sleeps in a crib with a standard crib bumper installed, the surrounding ambient oxygen (O2) is displaced by the exhaled carbon dioxide (CO2), which builds up and stays in the non-ventilated crib cavity.
The Breathable Mesh Crib Bumper is installed in a crib by suspending it from and securing it to the four corner posts. All four mesh panels are stretched tightly between the four corner posts, producing a vertical barrier between the inside of the crib and vertical balusters. The newly invented Breathable Mesh Crib Bumper will be available soon and at Baby Depot, BABiES "Я" US, buy buy BABY, WAL•MART, Sears, Target and other stores around the world.